Subregional heterogeneity of somatosensory dysfunction in the insula

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
Subregional heterogeneity of somatosensory dysfunction in the insula
Introduction

Somatosensory functions are subdivided into two large groups: the elementary somatosensory functions, which consist of light touch, pain, thermal sensation, joint position sense and vibration sense, and the intermediate somatosensory functions, which include two-point discrimination, tactile localisation, weight, texture and shape perception. It is generally accepted that the functional localisation of somatosensory function is the postcentral gyrus, but some researchers suggested that the insula is also involved in somatosensory function.1

Insula is a multimodal area and has a major role as a convergence zone implicated in the coordination between internal and external information through emotional subjective awareness. However, the subregional specificity of somatosensory functions in the insula has not been fully elucidated.2 We experienced three cases of stroke restricted exactly to the subregions of the insula which showed heterogeneous somatosensory dysfunction. For these patients, we performed a close examination of the intermediate somatosensory…
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry

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